The years 1930 were challenging period for Americans. It was a time when the Great Depression left many families poor, and farmers attempting to compensate for their losses and poor value of their crops by expanding the cultivation of areas. In addition, it was also the case that Great Plains and Midwest experienced extreme droughts throughout the 1930s. The absence of water and the increased agriculture pressures harmed fragile prairie grasses, ranging from to the Llano Estacado of Texas to the boreal forests in Canada. The topsoil of the Plains that had been accumulating over time dried out and blew into the air as far as New York City, where ships in Long Island Sound lay covered in debris of the dying prairies thousands of miles far away.
There was no improvement in Canada. The vast wetlands in Alberta, Manitoba, and other provinces were dug up to enable the land be used for cultivation. But the soil under these marshes, that contained significant amounts of peat, proved unsuitable for agriculture. The peat dried out and quickly caught fire. Draining marshes also damaged water table of the Canadian prairie. Families that were already dealing with the worst drought in recent memory, suddenly discovered their wells drained.
As with these wells in Canada, the populations of waterfowl were depleted. Breeding birds saw their Canadian habitats destroyed, and waterfowl populations soaring across the opposite side of Texas Ducks Unlimited border. In the aftermath, in the United States, bird refuges were created along with the initial Federal Duck Stamp was issued in 1934. It was the Bureau of Texas Ducks Unlimited Survey, predecessor of the present U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, invested money in habitat improvement initiatives in the United States but could do almost nothing in Canada. In 1936, the waterfowl breeding season was reduced to 30 days, and the species like brant, canvasbacks buffleheads, wood ducks redheads and more were completely protected. Live decoys and bait and shotguns with a gauge greater than 10 were prohibited. Many hunters predicted that by 1937, hunting for waterfowl would be a complete stop. Some believed that it would be too for the United States to save its waterfowl.
In a fishing lodge along the shores of the Beaverkill River in New York, the editor Joseph Palmer Knapp discussed the declining in the number of ducks along with Ray E. Benson, director of public relations at the More Game Birds in America Foundation. The two of them Knapp as well as Benson with them were John Huntington, who had Texas Ducks Unlimited the Game Conservation Institute in New Jersey in the year 2000, and Arthur Bartley, vice president of More Game Birds in America and Foundation’s director of field. More Game Birds has contributed to improving the numbers of birds in the uplands by encouraging farmers to release and raise game birds such as quail and pheasants, and also to provide adequate habitat for these birds. But, since wild ducks were Texas Ducks Unlimited and are not domesticated, the method More Game Birds used would not be effective in boosting the number of ducks. Instead, the group believed that preserving habitat could be the most effective way of conserving ducks.
The issue, of course, was that, unlike game birds domesticated that remained in only a small region throughout their lives, waterfowl needed well-groomed habitats along the migration routes that ran across Canada up to Mexico. This meant that the of Biological Survey’s funds could not be used in Mexico. of Biological Survey’s money could not be utilized in Canada because it is the home of thousands of acres of crucial nesting habitat. Any conservation effort focused on increasing the population of waterfowl will require a multi-national effort.
Knapp suggested that the new company be renamed “Ducks.” Bartley pointed out that Canadian companies must use the phrase “Limited,” but Knapp disliked the title “Ducks, Limited.”
“Dammit,” Knapp said, “we don’t want limited ducks!”
And then Bartley proposed “Ducks Unlimited,” and the most significant waterfowl conservation group in the United States was created.